This web page provides information on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Mauritania and the IMF. Additional information can be found on Islamic Republic of Mauritania and IMF country page, including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English that deal with Mauritania.

Back to Top

Mauritania: At a Glance

  • Mauritania joined the Fund on September 10, 1963.
  • Quota: SDR 128.80 Million
  • Last Article IV: Country report No. 17/324, October 16, 2017

Back to Top

IMF's work on Mauritania

More

Back to Top

Regional Economic Outlook

January 31, 2024

Conflict Compounding Economic Challenges
The conflict in Gaza and Israel is yet another shock to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It is causing immense human suffering and exacerbating an already challenging environment for neighboring economies and beyond. This Update covers economies in the MENA region and does not discuss developments in Israel. Overall, the major factors weighing on regional growth in MENA are (i) the impact of the conflict; (ii) oil production cuts (even as robust non-oil sector activity continues to support growth in several oil exporters); and (iii) continued necessary tight policy settings in several economies. Social unrest has also picked up. Projected growth in the MENA region this year is downgraded by 0.5 percentage point to 2.9 percent (relative to the October 2023 Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia), from already weak growth of 2.0 percent in 2023. Primarily driven by the ongoing conflict in Sudan, average growth across low-income countries (LICs) in MENA is forecast to remain negative this year, continuing the estimated sharp decline in 2023. Disinflation is expected to continue in most MENA economies, although price pressures have proven persistent in some cases because of country-specific factors.

The outlook for the MENA region is highly uncertain, and downside risks are resurgent. An escalation or spread of the conflict beyond Gaza and Israel, as well as an intensification of the disruptions in the Red Sea, could have a severe economic impact, including on trade and tourism.

The appropriate policy response will depend on countries’ exposure to the conflict, preexisting vulnerabilities, and policy space. Crisis management and precautionary policies will be critical where the impact is acute, or risks are elevated. Elsewhere, countries will need to continue to fortify buffers.

Monetary policy will need to remain focused on price stability, and fiscal policy should be tailored to country needs and available fiscal space. Structural reforms remain critical to boosting growth and strengthening resilience in both the near and longer terms.
Read the Report