Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes: Some Steady State Comparisons


José Saúl Lizondo

Publication Date:

October 1, 1990

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate


This paper compares two alternative dual exchange market regimes. In one of them, the official market clears through changes in international reserves, while in the other regime, the central bank implements a rationing scheme so as to keep international reserves constant. The paper discusses the effects on the rate of inflation, the balance of payments, the real exchange rate, and the spread between the free and the official exchange rate, of various economic policies, including exchange rate policy, fiscal policy, and unification of the exchange markets. It concludes that the steady state effects for most of these policies are qualitatively the same under both regimes.


Working Paper No. 1990/090



Also published in Staff Papers, Vol. 38, No. 3, September 1991.


Publication Date:

October 1, 1990



Stock No:




Please address any questions about this title to