Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Author/Editor:

Selim Elekdag ; Ivan Tchakarov

Publication Date:

April 1, 2004

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes. The model is solved up to a second-order approximation which allows us to address the issue of risk and welfare rigorously. The paper identifies threshold levels of the debt-to-GDP ratio above which fixed exchange rate regimes are welfare superior to monetary policy rules that imply flexible exchange rate regimes. The results suggest that emerging market economies that suffer from a relatively high level of indebtedness and are constrained in their pursuit of optimal monetary policy, could find it beneficial to opt for a fixed exchange rate regime.

Series:

Working Paper No. 04/63

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

April 1, 2004

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451848458/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA0632004

Price:

$15.00 (Academic Rate:$15.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

37

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