Expenditure Composition, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

Author/Editor:

Benedict J. Clements ; Sanjeev Gupta ; Emanuele Baldacci ; Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publication Date:

April 1, 2002

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper assesses the effects of expenditure composition as well as fiscal adjustment on economic growth in a sample of 39 low-income countries during the 1990s. The paper finds that strong budgetary positions and fiscal consolidation are generally associated with higher economic growth in both the short and long terms. The composition of public outlays also matters: Countries where spending is concentrated on wages tend to have lower growth, while those that allocate higher shares to capital and nonwage goods and services enjoy faster output expansion. Expenditure composition, along with the size of the fiscal consolidation and initial fiscal conditions, affects the sustainability of adjustment. Initial fiscal conditions also have a bearing on the nexus between fiscal deficits and growth.

Series:

Working Paper No. 02/77

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

April 1, 2002

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451850000/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA0772002

Price:

$15.00 (Academic Rate:$15.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

40

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