Performance of Western Hemisphere Trading Blocs : A Cost-Corrected Gravity Approach

Author/Editor:

Enzo Croce ; V. Hugo Juan-Ramon ; Feng Zhu

Publication Date:

June 1, 2004

Electronic Access:

Free Download. Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We study the performance of the four Western Hemisphere trading blocs during the period 1978-2001. For the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), trade integration outweighed trade diversion; for MERCOSUR, increased integration and trade diversion went hand in hand; for the Central American Common Market (CACM) and the Andean Community, the evidence points to trade diversion only. We also find that trade among neighboring countries has increased since the early 1990s. The estimations are based on a nonlinear gravity equation that incorporates the hypothesis that exports create externalities that affect trade costs. This hypothesis might help reconcile the theoretical unitary income elasticity with most empirical findings of a non-unitary income elasticity in studies using the gravity equation.

Series:

Working Paper No. 04/109

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

June 1, 2004

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451853247/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA1092004

Format:

Paper

Pages:

24

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org