Central Bank Credit to the Government : What Can We Learn From International Practices?

Author/Editor:

Marcela Matamoros-Indorf ; Mrinalini Sharma ; Simon Townsend ; Luis Ignacio Jácome

Publication Date:

January 1, 2012

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

Using a central bank legislation database, this paper documents and analyzes worldwide institutional arrangements for central bank lending to the government and identifies international practices. Key findings are: (i) in most advanced countries, central banks do not finance government expenditure; (ii) in a large number of emerging and developing countries, short-term financing is allowed in order to smooth out tax revenue fluctuations; (iii) in most countries, the terms and conditions of these loans are typically established by law, such that the amount is capped at a small proportion of annual government revenues, loans are priced at market interest rates, and their maturity falls within the same fiscal year; and (iv) in the vast majority of countries, financing other areas of the state, such as provincial governments and public enterprises, is not allowed. The paper does not address central banks' financial support during financial crises.

Series:

Working Paper No. 12/16

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

January 1, 2012

ISBN/ISSN:

9781463931216/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2012016

Format:

Paper

Pages:

44

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