U.S. Dollar Dynamics : How Important Are Policy Divergence and FX Risk Premiums?

Author/Editor:

Ravi Balakrishnan ; Stefan Laseen ; Andrea Pescatori

Publication Date:

July 5, 2016

Electronic Access:

Download PDF. Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We investigate the drivers of dynamics of major U.S. FX bilaterals. We first construct a novel measure of FX risk premiums using Consensus exchange rate forecasts. We then use VAR analysis to show that (i) risk premium shocks play a key role in driving dynamics of the major U.S. FX bilaterals; (ii) longer-term interest differentials also matter, especially for the Canadian $ and the Euro; (iii) oil price shocks play a particularly important role for the Canadian $ (an oil exporter); and (iv) risk appetite shocks (e.g., VIX shocks) generally lead to U.S. dollar appreciation. The importance of risk premium and longer-term interest differential shocks fit well with a simple theoretical model and are supported by recent event studies.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/125

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

July 5, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781498348416/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016125

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

47

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org