The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Banking Crises in Developing Countries

Author/Editor:

Ali Compaoré ; Montfort Mlachila ; Rasmané Ouedraogo ; Sandrine Sourouema

Publication Date:

February 28, 2020

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

While there is an extensive literature examining the economic impact of conflict and political instability, surprisingly there have been few studies on their impact on the probability of banking crises. This paper therefore investigates whether rising conflict and political instability globally over the past several decades led to increased occurrence of banking crises in developing countries. The paper provides strong evidence that conflicts and political instability are indeed associated with higher probability of systemic banking crises. Unsurprisingly, the duration of a conflict is positively associated with rising probability of a banking crisis. Interestingly, the paper also finds that conflicts and political instability in one country can have negative spillover effects on neighboring countries’ banking systems. The paper provides evidence that the primary channel of transmission is the occurrence of fiscal crises following a conflict or political instability.

Series:

Working Paper No. 19/41

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

February 28, 2020

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513530055/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2020041

Format:

Paper

Pages:

40

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