Enhancing inclusion

May 9, 2018

Substantial progress has been made on both inequality and gender issues under Phase 1 of the project and particularly under Phase 2 of the project. Some new work is proposed in each of these areas as well as on their intersection. As noted above, the development of a new and comprehensive database on structural reforms in LICs is proposed under Topic IV. Under Phase 3 of the project, we will maintain the thrust of looking not just at the growth (or ‘efficiency’) effects of these reforms but also their ‘distributional’ or equity effects of reforms. Thus, we will uncover the potential efficiency/equity tradeoffs posed by particular reforms. The investigation of equity effects and efficiency/equity tradeoffs will be done both at an aggregate level but also at a more granular country-level using the MDAM model developed for the analysis of inequality.

On gender issues, we propose to study: (i) if gender gaps in education and health impede human capital accumulation and, thereby, growth and productivity; (ii) if public investment programs targeted to education and health are followed by an observed improvement in gender inclusion; (iii) how gender equality evolves with the structural transformation of the economy from agriculture to manufacturing or services; (iv) how governments can use evidence from existing data to ensure that gender equality considerations are taken into account in fiscal adjustment.