Women in the Labor Force: The Role of Fiscal Policies


Anna Fruttero ; Daniel Gurara ; Lisa L Kolovich ; Vivian Malta ; Marina Mendes Tavares ; Nino Tchelishvili ; Stefania Fabrizio

Publication Date:

February 16, 2020

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Disclaimer: This Staff Discussion Note represents the views of the authors and does not necessarily represent IMF views or IMF policy. The views expressed herein should be attributed to the authors and not to the IMF, its Executive Board, or its management. Staff Discussion Notes are published to elicit comments and to further debate.


Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average female labor force participation rate across countries is still 20 percentage points lower than the male rate, and gender gaps in wages and access to education persist. As shown by earlier work, including by the IMF, greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development and social outcomes. Gender equality is also one of the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that 193 countries committed to achieve by 2030.


Staff Discussion Notes No. 2020/003



Publication Date:

February 16, 2020



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