Education Systems and Foreign Direct Investment : Does External Efficiency Matter?

Author/Editor:

Elise Wendlassida Miningou ; Sampawende J Tapsoba

Publication Date:

March 30, 2017

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper examines the effect of the efficiency of the education system on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). First, it focuses on the external efficiency and applies a frontier-based measure as a proxy of the ability of countries to optimally convert the average years of schooling into income for individuals. Second, it shows the relationship between the external efficiency of the education system and FDI inflows by applying GMM regression technique. The results show that the efficiency level varies across regions and countries and appears to be driven by higher education and secondary vocational education. Similarly to other studies in the literature, there is no significant relationship between the average years of schooling and FDI inflows. However, this study shows that the external efficiency of the education system is important for FDI inflows. Improving the external efficiency of the education system can play a role in attracting FDI especially in non-resource rich countries, nonlandloked countries and countries in the low and medium human development groups.

Series:

Working Paper No. 17/79

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

March 30, 2017

ISBN/ISSN:

9781475590234/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2017079

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

23

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