Structural Reforms and Labor Reallocation: A Cross-Country Analysis

Author/Editor:

Khalid ElFayoumi ; Anta Ndoye ; Sanaa Nadeem ; Gregory Auclair

Publication Date:

March 19, 2018

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Institutional and market frictions impose costs on the reallocation of labor from low to high productivity sectors, leading to suboptimal allocations and a loss in aggregate labor productivity. Using cross-country sector-level data, we use a dynamic panel error correction model to compute the speed of sectoral labor adjustment, as well as the contribution of structural reforms in governance, labor and product markets, trade and openness, and the financial sector to lowering the costs of labor reallocation. We find that, on average, sectoral employment shares converge towards equilibrium allocations, closing about 13.7 percent of labor productivity gaps each year; this speed of labor adjustment varies across sectors and income groups. On structural reforms, we find a significant association between more efficient labor reallocation and financial market liberalization, less bureaucracy, strong judicial and regulatory environment, trade liberalization, better education and more flexible labor and product markets.

Series:

Working Paper No. 18/64

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

March 19, 2018

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484346983/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2018064

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

41

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