This web page presents information about the work of the IMF in Central America, Panama and the Dominican Republic, including the activities of the IMF Regional Representative Office. Additional information can be found on the IMF country pages of the enlarged Central American region (Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English and Spanish that deal with Central America as a region and with each of its countries.

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At a Glance

  • CA-7: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and Dominican Republic
  • Costa Rica Joined the Fund on January 08, 1946
  • El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Panama Joined the Fund on March 14, 1946
  • Dominican Republic and Guatemala Joined the Fund on December 28, 1945
  • Honduras Joined the Fund on December 27, 1945
  • Total Quotas: Net cummulative allocation SDR 1,230.60 Million; Holdings: SDR 1,027.62 Million
  • Loans outstanding: ECF arrangements (Honduras and Nicaragua) SDR 132.54 Million;
  • Stand-by Arrangements (Dominican Republic) SDR 703.76 Million

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IMF's Work on Central America 


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Regional Economic Outlook

Western Hemisphere

Managing Transitions and Risks
April 2016

With the global economy still struggling, many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are facing a harsher world than they did just a few years ago. The growth outlook is weaker in advanced and emerging economies alike, while the gradual slowdown and rebalancing of economic activity in China is likely to keep commodity prices lower for longer. Meanwhile, favorable external financial conditions over the past several years have become more volatile, and risks of a sudden tightening are on the rise.
Against this backdrop, economic activity in Latin America and the Caribbean has been revised downward, compared with our January update and is likely to contract for a second consecutive year in 2016. But the growth outlook varies substantially within the region. While external conditions have placed a large drag on all commodity exporters, countries expected to post negative growth will do so mainly because of domestic imbalances and rigidities at home, and, in certain cases, temporary impact of policies designed to transition away from earlier distortions.
But the news isn't all bad. In the rest of the region—and particularly where policy frameworks have been strengthened over the past two decades—a relatively smooth adjustment continues. Given these broad contours, growth stories vary between the south and north.

Read the report