IMF Factsheets

Accurate and up-to-date information on the work of the IMF has been in high demand throughout the years. Our factsheets are a popular information source, describing in plain English the IMF’s mandate and operations, as well as its role on issues of relevance in international economics and finance.

IMF at Glance
What is the IMF?

The International Monetary Fund, or IMF, promotes international financial stability and monetary cooperation. It also facilitates international trade, promotes employment and sustainable economic growth, and helps to reduce global poverty. The IMF is governed by and accountable to its 190 member countries.

IMF Accountability


Selection Process for IMF Managing Director


Transparency at the IMF


How Does the IMF Encourage Greater Fiscal Transparency?


How the IMF Makes Decisions


The IMF and Good Governance


The IMF and the World Bank


Annual and Spring Meetings


The IMF and the World Trade Organization


Hero capacity Development
IMF Capacity Development

The IMF provides technical assistance and training – known as capacity development – as one of its core functions. Capacity development accounts for around a third of the IMF’s annual spending. It is available to all members upon their request and is tailored to a country’s specific needs. Capacity development can help countries to improve tax collection and bolster public finances. It can help countries to modernize their monetary and exchange rate policies, develop legal systems, or strengthen governance. Capacity development also can help countries collect and disseminate data to inform decision-making.


Where the IMF Gets Its Money

The money the IMF loans to its members on its best – or non-concessional – terms comes from member countries, mainly through their payment of quotas. Multilateral and bilateral arrangements can supplement quota funds and plays a critical role in the IMF’s support for member countries in times of crisis. The IMF’s current total resources of about SDR 982 billion translate into a capacity for lending of about SDR 695 billion (around US$932 billion), as at mid-December 2023.

IMF Quotas


Special Drawing Rights (SDR)


Gold in the IMF



Financial System Soundness

Supporting sound financial systems Weak financial institutions, inadequate regulation and supervision, and lack of transparency have been at the heart of global financial crises. These have highlighted the importance of systemic risk monitoring and management, which is why the IMF has stepped up efforts to help countries support sound financial systems.

Monetary Policy and Central Banking


The Fight Against Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing


Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP)


Early Warning Exercise (EWE)


The IMF and the Fight Against Illicit Financial Flows



IMF Policy Advice

How the IMF monitors the global economy A core responsibility of the IMF is overseeing the international monetary system and monitoring members’ economic and financial policies, an activity known as surveillance. Through surveillance at the global, regional, and country levels, the IMF identifies potential risks to stability and recommends appropriate policy adjustments to sustain economic growth and promote financial and economic stability.

Standards and Codes The Role of the IMF


IMF Standards for Data Dissemination


IMF Staff Monitored Program SMP


IMF lending
IMF Lending

What kind of financial assistance does the IMF offer? Unlike development banks, the IMF does not lend for specific projects. Instead, the IMF provides financial support to countries hit by crises to create breathing room as they implement policies that restore economic stability and growth. It also provides precautionary financing to help prevent crises. IMF lending is continuously refined to meet countries’ changing needs.

The Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL)


Policy Coordination Instrument (PCI)


The Short-term Liquidity Line (SLL)


Flexible credit line (FCL)


The Extended Fund Facility (EFF)


The Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI)


IMF Conditionality


Post Financing Assessment (PFA)


The Stand by Arrangement (SBA)


The Resilience and Sustainability Facility (RSF)


The Rapid Credit Facility (RCF)


The Extended Credit Facility (ECF)


The Stand by Credit Facility (SCF)


Protecting IMF Resources-Safeguards Assessments of Central Banks



IMF Support for Low-Income Countries
IMF Support for Low-Income Countries

How does the IMF support low-income countries? The IMF assists low-income countries (LICs) with financial and other support. The IMF’s surveillance program provides continuous monitoring of member countries’ economic and financial policies. Discussions with country authorities focus on the impact of their economic policies on stability and growth and the desirable policy measures. Capacity building typically focuses on how LICs can boost domestic revenues, manage public finances and monetary policy, regulate their financial system, and develop statistical systems. Capacity building helps IMF member countries to design and implement sound policies and to advance toward the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals.

IMF-World Bank Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries


Debt Relief Under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative


The IMF and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)


Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust (CCRT)