Income Inequality


Introduction to Inequality
Inequality is a complex concept and is difficult to measure. Excessive inequality can erode social cohesion, lead to political polarization, and lower economic growth. Learn more about the inequality, its causes and consequences and how the IMF helps countries in tackling inequality.
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AI Will Transform the Global Economy. Let’s Make Sure It Benefits Humanity.
January 14, 2024

AI will affect almost 40 percent of jobs around the world, replacing some and complementing others. We need a careful balance of policies to tap its potential

Economists Offer Fresh Takes on Inflation, Inequality, Technology
December 20, 2023

Latest books provide analytical and anecdotal accounts of the greatest challenges—and the perspective that comes with time

The AI Awakening
November 30, 2023

Generative AI has introduced tantalizing new possibilities. Yet the initial excitement surrounding AI has given way to genuine and growing concerns. This issue is an early attempt to understand AI’s implications for growth, jobs, inequality, and finance.

Africa’s Rapid Economic Growth Hasn’t Fully Closed Income Gaps
September 21, 2022

Despite decades of rapid growth, regional inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa persist. 

Middle East Needs Fairer Taxes to Aid Growth and Ease Inequality
July 6, 2022

More progressive taxes with fewer exemptions would help governments pay for immediate spending priorities and make societies fairer. 

Sharing the Gains of Automation: The Role of Fiscal Policy
November 18, 2021

Careful calibration of spending and tax policies can reduce inequality caused by automation.