External Balance in Low Income Countries

Author/Editor:

Lone Engbo Christiansen ; Alessandro Prati ; Luca A Ricci ; Thierry Tressel

Publication Date:

October 1, 2009

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper offers a coherent empirical analysis of the determinants of the real exchange rate, the current account, and the net foreign assets position in low income countries. The paper focuses on indicators specific to low income countries, such as the quality of policies and institutions, the special access to official external financing, and the role of shocks. In addition to more standard factors, we find that domestic financial liberalization is associated with higher current account balances and net foreign asset positions, while capital account liberalization is associated with lower current account balances and net foreign asset positions and with more appreciated real exchange rates. Negative exogenous shocks tend to raise (reduce) the current account in countries with closed (opened) capital accounts. Finally, foreign aid is progressively absorbed over time through net imports, and is associated with a more depreciated real exchange rate in the long-run.

Series:

Working Paper No. 09/221

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

October 1, 2009

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451873689/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2009221

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

52

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