Inflation and Public Debt Reversals in Advanced Economies

Author/Editor:

Ichiro Fukunaga ; Takuji Komatsuzaki ; Hideaki Matsuoka

Publication Date:

December 27, 2019

Electronic Access:

Download PDF. Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper quantitatively assesses the effects of inflation shocks on the public debt-to-GDP ratio in 19 advanced economies using simulation and estimation approaches. The simulations based on the debt dynamics equation and estimations of impulse responses by local projections both suggest that a 1 percentage point shock to inflation rate reduces the debt-to-GDP ratio by about 0.5 to 1 percentage points. The results also suggest that the impact is larger and more persistent when the debt maturity is longer, but the difference from the benchmark case is not significant. These results imply that modestly higher inflation, even if accompanied by some financial repression, could reduce public debt burden only marginally in many advanced economies.

Series:

Working Paper No. 19/297

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

December 27, 2019

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513521596/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2019297

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

23

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org