Legal Aspects of Central Bank Digital Currency: Central Bank and Monetary Law Considerations

Author/Editor:

Wouter Bossu ; Masaru Itatani ; Catalina Margulis ; Arthur D. P. Rossi ; Hans Weenink ; Akihiro Yoshinaga

Publication Date:

November 20, 2020

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper analyzes the legal foundations of central bank digital currency (CBDC) under central bank and monetary law. Absent strong legal foundations, the issuance of CBDC poses legal, financial and reputational risks for central banks. While the appropriate design of the legal framework will up to a degree depend on the design features of the CBDC, some general conclusions can be made. First, most central bank laws do not currently authorize the issuance of CBDC to the general public. Second, from a monetary law perspective, it is not evident that “currency” status can be attributed to CBDC. While the central bank law issue can be solved through rather straithforward law reform, the monetary law issue poses fundmental legal policy challenges.

Series:

Working Paper No. 2020/254

Frequency:

regular

English

Publication Date:

November 20, 2020

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513561622/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2020254

Format:

Paper

Pages:

51

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