Trade and Inclusive Growth

Author/Editor:

Marc Bacchetta ; Valerie Cerra ; Roberta Piermartini ; Maarten Smeets

Publication Date:

March 12, 2021

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper surveys the literature on the relationship between international trade and inclusive growth. It examines claims that the rise in inequality in many countries can be attributed to the concurrent rise in trade competition, especially from EMEs like China, spurring trade tensions and protectionist measures. The paper investigates the conflicting literature showing the aggregate benefits of trade versus the adverse and persistent impact of trade, especially import competition, on specific industries and local communities. The paper then reviews the evidence for using trade policies and other complementary policies for adjustment and compensation to those groups adversely affected by trade.

Series:

Working Paper No. 2021/074

Subject:

Frequency:

regular

English

Publication Date:

March 12, 2021

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513572734/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2021074

Format:

Paper

Pages:

49

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