What Do Monetary Contractions Do? Evidence From An Algorithmic Identification Procedure

Author/Editor:

Tim Willems

Publication Date:

September 28, 2018

Electronic Access:

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Summary:

As the “Volcker shock” is believed to have generated useful information on the effects of monetary policy, this paper develops a simple procedure to identify other unanticipated monetary contractions. The approach is applied to a panel data set spanning 162 countries (over the period 1970-2017), in which it identifies 147 large monetary contractions. The procedure selects episodes where a protracted period of loose monetary policy was suddenly followed by sizeable nominal interest rate increases. Focusing on contractions of significant size increases the signal-to-noise ratio, while they are unlikely to be accompanied by confounding “information effects” (markets interpreting a rate hike as the Central Bank being optimistic about the real side of the economy). A subsequent panel VAR analysis suggests that a 100-basis point rate hike reduces real GDP by 0.5 percent. This reduction in output seems to be persistent, pointing to a certain degree of hysteresis. The price level falls by 1.5 percent, indicating that the medium-/long-run impact of contractionary monetary shocks is not characterized by a neo-Fisherian response. Advanced economies appear to display more price stickiness than emerging/developing countries, as the former combine a more muted price response with a larger effect on output.

Series:

Working Paper No. 18/211

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

September 28, 2018

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484378229/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2018211

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

29

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