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Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics (BOP-IIPx)

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Session No.: OL 22.103

Location: Course conducted online

Date: January 1, 2022 - April 15, 2022 (15 weeks)

Primary Language: English

    Target Audience

    This course is for those interested in learning the fundamentals of compiling international accounts that cover balance of payments and international investment position (IIP) statistics according to the internationally accepted standards. It is a basic-level course laying the foundation for the face-to-face intermediate balance of payments and IIP statistics course. It is open to those who compile, or plan to compile, balance of payments and IIP statistics and to the general public.

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    Some knowledge of economics and statistics or equivalent experience is helpful. Access to a computer with a reliable Internet connection and a Google Chrome web browser are essential.

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    Course Description

    This course, presented by the Statistics Department, covers the fundamentals needed to compile the international accounts. The course introduces the conceptual statistical framework for balance of payments and IIP-as presented in the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics Manual, sixth edition (BPM6), which is harmonized with other macroeconomic statistical frameworks. You will learn about the current, capital, and financial account balances, and how they reflect your economy's interaction with the rest of the world. Basic concepts, definitions, and classifications are covered, along with the principal accounting rules (including valuation and time of recording) that are relevant for compilation of the international accounts. The course also discusses the functional categories, including direct investment. The need for integration of the balance of payments with the IIP for compiling comprehensive, internationally comparable statistics will also be discussed.

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    Course Objectives

    Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to:

    • Explain the international accounts framework of the balance of payments and IIP and relevant indicators, such as the current, capital, and financial accounts balances, and net IIP.
    • Apply core concepts and definitions relevant to the international accounts such as residence, economic territory, predominant center of economic interest, and accounting rules.
    • Classify cross-border transactions and positions according to the international standards in BPM6.
    • Record the main components of the current account, including goods, services, primary income, and secondary income, as well as the capital account.
    • Identify transactions in financial assets and liabilities and their link to investment income.
    • Explain the direct investment framework and its role in the economy, including as a source of financing.
    • Compare the different functional categories and understand the economic interpretation for each category.
    • Recognize the need for integration of the balance of payments with the IIP for producing consistent and coherent data.
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