This web page provides information on the activities of our office, views of IMF staff, and the relations between West Bank and Gaza and the IMF. Our latest report is available here.

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West Bank and Gaza: At a Glance

The office of the IMF Resident Representative for the West Bank and Gaza was established in July 1995, to help fulfill the IMF’s mandate to assist the Palestinian Authority as specified under the Oslo Accords. While the IMF cannot provide financial support to WBG (because it is not a member state), it has been providing policy advice in the macroeconomic, fiscal, and financial areas since 1994. The IMF has also been providing technical assistance to support capacity building in the areas of tax administration, public expenditure management, banking supervision and regulation, and macroeconomic statistics. More recently, IMF staff worked with the Palestinian Authority to develop the Palestinian Reform and Development Plan presented at the Paris Donors’ Conference in 2007 and its successor Palestinian National Development Plan, published in 2011. The IMF’s staff reports review progress in implementing these plans, with a focus on the macroeconomic and fiscal areas.

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Office Activities

  • West Bank and Gaza: Report to the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee

    Deepening rifts between key stakeholders and surging violence in Gaza imperil prospects for peace, while the economic outlook is increasingly untenable. Long-standing constraints continue to act as a brake on growth, aggravated by large aid cuts and potential revenue withholding. Gaza is suffering disproportionately, with its economy shrinking and humanitarian catastrophe unfolding. Weak growth and demographic pressures will substantially worsen unemployment, poverty, and per capita incomes. Large external imbalances will persist as restrictions impede development and add to vulnerabilities. The overriding challenge is to revive growth and alleviate poverty in the face of shrinking resources. More than ever this will depend on the Palestinian authorities, Israel, and donors coming together to ensure a comprehensive approach to reforms.

    September 17, 2018

  • Press Release: IMF Staff Concludes Visit to West Bank and Gaza (العربية)

    July 24, 2018

  • West Bank and Gaza: Report to the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee

    Geopolitical turbulence and concerns for the peace process are more elevated than in recent memory. Views of the international community have diverged following the United States’ recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Despite renewed calls to revive the peace process, so far there is no agreed path forward. In the meantime, rigid border constraints, spending cuts, and threats of further donor funding declines have compounded the already perilous humanitarian conditions in Gaza, severely impacted the local economy, and increased the potential for unrest. Although progressing slowly, moves toward reunification offer a potential bright spot.

    March 9, 2018

  • Press Release: IMF Staff Concludes Visit to West Bank and Gaza

    February 20, 2018

  • West Bank and Gaza: Report to the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee

    Mounting political frictions are overshadowing attempts to revive peace talks. Details of a path forward on the peace process remain elusive and attention has shifted to preventing further violence after tensions flared in July. Domestic political frictions have deepened and Hamas did not participate in the May 2017 municipal elections in the West Bank. The difficult decision by the PA to reduce expenditures in Gaza has intensified tense domestic relations amid regional complexities. Read More

    September 11, 2017

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Regional Economic Outlook

April 15, 2020

Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia region have been hit by two large and reinforcing shocks, resulting in significantly weaker growth projections in 2020. In addition to the devastating toll on human health, the COVID-19 pandemic and the plunge in oil prices are causing economic turmoil in the region, with fragile and conflict affected states particularly hard-hit given already large humanitarian and refugee challenges and weak health infrastructures. The immediate priority for policies is to save lives with needed health spending, regardless of fiscal space, while preserving engines of growth with targeted support to households and hard-hit sectors. In this context, the IMF has been providing emergency assistance to help countries in the region during these challenging times. Further ahead, economic recoveries should be supported with broad fiscal and monetary measures where policy space is available, and by seeking external assistance where space is limited.
Read the Report