Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs)

ROSCs summarize the extent to which countries observe certain internationally recognized standards and codes. The IMF has recognized 12 areas and associated standards as useful for the operational work of the Fund and the World Bank. These comprise accounting; auditing; anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT); banking supervision; corporate governance; data dissemination; fiscal transparency; insolvency and creditor rights; insurance supervision; monetary and financial policy transparency; payments systems; and securities regulation; AML/CFT was added in November 2002. Reports summarizing countries' observance of these standards are prepared and published at the request of the member country. They are used to help sharpen the institutions' policy discussions with national authorities, and in the private sector (including by rating agencies) for risk assessment. Short updates are produced regularly and new reports are produced every few years.

Last Updated: August 23, 2023

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Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of Back to Top

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Anguilla, United Kingdom-British Overseas Territory Back to Top

Antigua and Barbuda Back to Top

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Armenia, Republic of Back to Top

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Azerbaijan, Republic of Back to Top

Data Quality Assessments in Data Module ROSCs

Data Module ROSCs have included a substantial data quality assessment component since early 2001. This assessment is based on the Data Quality Assessment Framework (DQAF). The July 2003 version of the DQAF was introduced at the Fifth Review of the Fund's Data Standards Initiatives. It supersedes earlier versions of the DQAF to reflect experience and developments in international methodological standards and generally accepted good statistical practices. Accordingly, ratings for ROSCs using the July 2003 version of the DQAF are not necessarily directly comparable with ROSCs using earlier versions. The July 2003 version also is now used in Data Module ROSC updates for countries that originally were assessed using earlier versions.